Understanding Lung Cancer
The Facts on Lung Cancer
Risk Factors & Strategies to Reduce Your Risk
The following factors have been shown to increase your risk for Lung Cancer
Modifiable Factors: The following actions are controllable, and therefore, you should do your best to avoid as many of these actions as possible. If something is unavoidable, be conscientious about your other actions to help combat the risk!
Non-Modifiable Factors: The following cannot be changed. However, these factors are important to know, so you can be cognizant of your lifestyle choices and understand the circumstances!
Help Reduce Your Risk For Lung Cancer with these Choices
Symptoms & Early Detection
- Persistent cough or wheezing
- Regularly suffering from respiratory infections
- Pain in the chest/lungs
- Coughing up blood
- Weight Loss
- Loss of appetite
- Pain that has spread beyond the lungs
These symptoms are not exclusive to early and later stage. The most important thing to look for is changes in how you are feeling health-wise. If they persist for longer periods of time (weeks/months), you should speak with your physician regarding these symptoms.
5-Year Survival Rate by Stage
Percent Diagnosed by Stage
Prognosis is extremely low when lung cancer is detected at late stages. Cancer developing to this stage is often preventable with proper screening.
Who Should be Screened?
- Current or Former Smokers: Those that currently smoke or smoked within the last 15 years AND
- Heavy Smokers: Have smoked the equivalent of 30 pack years AND
- A pack a day for 30 years, 2 packs a day for 15 years, 3 packs a day for 10 years, etc.
- 55-80 Years Old: Screenings are recommended during this age group for heavy current and former smokers
What to Expect at a Screening
Treatments for Lung Cancer
- Surgery: Removal of the cancerous region of the lung and surrounding tissues. This may include a portion or a whole lung
- Chemotherapy: Drugs designed to eliminate cancer cells
- Radiation Therapy: Beams of high-energy to kill cancer cells
- Targeted Therapy: Drugs approved for lung cancer treatment.
- Immunotherapy: New research, leverages your immune system to attack cancer cells.
Nutrition and Cancer Prevention
Diet plays a major role in the development of cancer. The foods you eat can either promote cellular damage and increase your risk or protect your cells from damage and reduce your risk. An estimated 30% of cancers are believed to be related to poor dietary habits. (15)
We have compiled a list of foods that should be regularly included in your diet to promote optimal health, including cancer prevention. Learn what you can do to help reduce your risk.