What You Need to Know About Diabetes

The Facts on Diabetes

Risk Factors & Strategies to Reduce Your Risk

The following factors have been shown to increase your risk for Type 2 Diabetes

Modifiable Factors: The following actions are controllable, and therefore should be avoided as consistently as possible. It is important to focus on these lifestyle choices in order to help offset the risk factors that are uncontrollable!

Non-Modifiable Factors: The following cannot be changed. However, these factors are important to know, so you can be cognizant of your lifestyle choices and understand the circumstances!

Help reduce your risk for Diabetes with these choices

Are You at Risk for Diabetes Type 2?

Symptoms & Early Detection



  • Excessive:
    • Hunger, urination, fatigue, or thirst


  • Excessive:
    • Hunger, urination, fatigue, or thirst
  • Weight loss without trying
  • Dry skin
  • Numbness and tingling in fingers and toes
  • Blurry vision

None of these symptoms are exclusive to diabetes. The important takeaway is to let your doctor know if you are experiencing any persistent, unexpected changes that are not going away.

Early Detection

1/3 Americans currently have Prediabetes or Diabetes

9 in 10 cases are Preventable

Often, type 2 diabetes is preventable if addressed early. If you have concerns regarding your diabetes risk, discuss your options with your doctor

Who Should be Screened?

  • Age 45 or older: The American Diabetes Association recommends annual blood work to check for blood sugar levels for those 45 years or older.
    • Minimum requirements say to check at least every 3 years, but often annual blood work is covered by your insurer.

What to Expect at a Screening

Treatments for Diabetes

  • Disease Management:
    • Weight loss, exercise, healthy diet, and blood sugar monitoring
  • Medication: Often levels need to be managed with medication
    • Metformin, Sulfonylureas, Thiazolidinediones
  • Insulin Therapy: Insulin helps move sugar into your cells. It is a common approach to diabetes management
Often, those who rely solely on medication need more and more to successfully manage the disease. In the long term, this is not a dependable approach due to cost and dependence, which is why lifestyle interventions in conjunction with the medication is so important!

Nutrition and Diabetes

Diet, along with exercise, are the two main factors affecting diabetes risk. The foods you consume have a major impact on your blood sugar, and therefore your overall risk of diabetes. Learn the best foods to control/limit blood sugar spikes, and help prevent diabetes.

Your Guide to Optimal Nutrition